generation of plant breeding

The Generation of Plant Breeding


When humans became food gatherers, they collecting useful plants surround them. Gradually, more plants were recognized and used as food and other needs. Fresh food became more varied.  Not only fruits, but also seeds, tubers, and leaves. Then they learn and able to process theirs. The generation of plant breeding can not be separated from human history. If you want to read in the PDF version, you can visit

deforestation in Indonesia

Deforestation in Indonesia And Biodiversity Loss Risk

deforestation and biodiversity loss risk in Indonesia still continues. Deforestation is happening in Indonesia.  We can saw data from mention that there are 480,000 and 440,000 hectares of deforestation in 2017 and 2018 respectively. in fact, every day deforestation still continues. 

As reported by Austin et. al. (2019), that deforestation mostly caused by plantation (oil palm, timber, and rubber) and mining activities.  Secondly, deforestation also caused by wildfires. As seen almost every year, wildfires causing the smoke problem.

legion botanica

Brief History of Plant Utilization In Indonesia

Indonesia is the 15th largest country in the world. With a total area of 1,904,569 kilometers square and more than 18.000 islands. An article that contains some information about plants utilization in Indonesia

Located in an equator between 2 continents Asia and Australia, and two oceans; the Pacific and Indian ocean.  Indonesia is one of the world’s hot spots for biodiversity.  With about 40,000 of a huge group of Spermatophytes, and more than 2,000 fern species, and 80,000 fungi species.