What Is natural diuretic. Diuretics are compounds that can increase the amount of urine to maintain the water content in our bodies. Various factors influence water retention. Some of these factors are related to health conditions, such as kidney disease and heart failure. However, water retention also occurs due to hormonal changes, menstrual cycles, or long periods with no activities.
A natural diuretic is an all-natural material that has diuretic activities. But here we will focus only on plant-based materials. Because natural diuretic Foods and drinks can improve the secretory system. so today’s interest in consuming medicinal plants to treat disease and maintain health is increasing. Of course, one of the reasons is lower side effects on the body. Although sometimes peoples also put natural foods as the last choice when the medicinal approach was not successful according to them.
List Of Natural Diuretic Plants
Urinary retention can happen to anyone, regardless of gender and age. Weak bladder muscles and urinary tract obstruction are common symptoms. One of the most common symptoms of this disorder is when you have to pee, but it takes a long time to resolve.
You should be aware of the symptoms above, don’t ignore them. Conditions that continue, can cause infection and complications to other organs of the body, such as the kidneys and bladder. This will happen if urinary retention occurs for days.In addition, delays in treatment when urinating problems occur can also cause pain in the stomach or back.
Some plants also have benefits as a natural diuretic. Actually, the consumption of these plants can help increase the process of spending more urine. It can be used as food or drink. And, below is the list of natural diuretic foods and drinks that you can try:.
1. Watermelon (Citrullus lanatus)
Watermelon has diuretic properties. The fruit water content is around 92%. In addition to high water content, watermelon also has high potassium as well. As additional information, watermelon also contains citrulline. Citrulline is an amino acid that relaxes blood vessels and keeps fluids from leaking into nearby tissues. This will eventually reduce water retention.
2. Coffee (Coffea sp)
Coffee is one of the most popular drinks in the world.Caffeine content can function as a natural diuretic. So drinking a cup of coffee can be an effort to overcome water retention in your body. However, this diuretic effect may not have much effect on people who drink coffee frequently. Another thing to note is the limit on caffeine consumption that should not be excessive. Or you will get adverse effects, such as insomnia, stomach irritation, nausea, and vomiting.
3. Tea (Camellia sinensis)
The potential seems to come from the caffeine content in both types, black and green tea. As with coffee drinking, this effect may not affect people who drink tea every day. Every time you enjoy a cup of tea, you may be flushing excess fluid from your body. Both types of tea, both green and black tea, have potential as natural diuretics.
4. Hibiscus (Hibiscus rosa-sinensis)
Hibiscus tea is a potential drink as a natural diuretic. This is in line with the results of several studies of natural diuretic ingredients using hibiscus tea as one of the samples. However, this still needs further research to confirm the results of previous studies.
5. Black cumin (Nigella sativa)
Black cumin is a plant that has the potential as a natural diuretic food. The results of preliminary research, the results show that Nigella sativa extract can increase urine production and lower blood pressure in experimental rats. However, although this spice has a diuretic effect, consuming too much has the potential to damage the liver.
6. Cucumber (Cucumis sativus)
The next natural diuretic food is Cucumber. Cucumber content is almost 100% water. However, cucumbers also contain sulfur and potassium which can increase urine production. Another benefit of cucumber is its ability to inhibit the production of enzymes that can inhibit the inflammatory process.
7. Garlic (Allium sativum)
Garlic is popular for vegetable with medicinal purpose. The tubers are high in antioxidants. People use garlic to boost the body’s immune system. But it turns out that garlic also has benefits as a diuretic. These benefits can help maintain kidney health. Diuretics can help reduce the sodium content in your body by forcing your kidneys to excrete it in urine.
8. Shallot (Allium cepa)
Shallots for kidney detoxification. How can onions support kidney health? In addition to having antioxidants as anti-inflammatory, the content of these compounds is also able to function as a diuretic. People consume onion extract to cleanse the kidneys and urethra. This reduces the risk of urethral infection.
9. Cabbage (Brassica oleracea var. capitata)
Cabbage is always available all year round in Indonesia. It vegetable contains fiber, potassium, and antioxidants. Besides being useful as a vegetable, cabbage is also a kidney-friendly juice ingredient. Cabbage is a vegetable that acts as a powerful natural diuretic.
10. Celery (Apium graveolens)
Celery is a vegetable plant that can be consumed raw or cooked. However, celery is actually a vegetable plant with various health benefits. The content of apigenin in celery makes this plant has benefits as a diuretic.
Celery juice is also useful for lowering blood pressure, lowering cholesterol levels, maintaining heart health, relieving pain in arthritis, increasing the immune system, preventing urethral infections,
11. Sambiloto (Andrographis paniculata) as natural diuretic
Sambiloto leaves contain several substances that can increase urine production in experimental rats. The diuretic effect is probably because sambiloto contains high levels of potassium and sodium compounds as well as flavonoids. In a study using mice, it turned out that the bitter leaf extract treatment had the effect of increasing urine production in experimental white rats. the volume became more than 3 times that of the untreated mice.
12. Dandelion (Taraxacum sp)
Dandelion is a plant that grows wild in the backyard or open fields. Although it is actually a weed, Dandelion is edible. Dandelion is one of the traditional medicine recipes to boost the immune system. In fact, several ethnobotanical records from several regions. The note mentions that people often use dandelion to treat kidney and urinary tract diseases. So that, the fact refers to some of Dandelion’s diuretic compounds, namely Caffeic acid, Chlorogenic acid, Isoquercitrin, and Luteolin.
13. Asparagus (Asparagus officinalis)
Asparagus is less popular in Indonesia. One reason is that asparagus is not native to Indonesia and is not/difficult to grow in Indonesia. Another reason is that Indonesia has a wide variety of local vegetables. But don’t worry, it’s still easy to find asparagus in the modern market.
Asparagus contains the amino acid asparagine which acts as a natural diuretic. Because asparagine stimulates the body to excrete excess salt, water, and toxic substances through the urine. So this diuretic effect will make you urinate more often. This will reduce your risk of getting a urethral infection
14. Senggugu (Clerodendron serratum)
Indonesian people have long used Senggugu as traditional medicine. Senggugu leaf boiled water is useful for treating kidney disorders and as a urine laxative. In Jogjakarta, people boil the root of Senggugu, and use it for the treatment of asthma and as a therapeutic agent to improve voice quality.
15. Antanan (Centella asiatica)
Antanan is a plant that is easy to grow wild in the yard, garden, fields, and rice fields. Popular as alternative of Ginko biloba. Important compounds of Antanan are vallerin, essential oils, asiaticusida, saponins, sentelosides, tannins, pectin, and others. People often use Antanan leaves to reduce kidney disorders and as a diuretic herb.
16. Meniran (Phillanthus niruri)
People often use Meniran leaves as a traditional diuretic medicine by drinking them as tea. Metabolic compounds in Meniran leaves have efficacy as a diuretic. The results of laboratory studies, giving Meniran leaf extract can increase urine production many times in rats. However, its use as a diuretic for humans of course still requires further study.
17. Bayam Merah (Amaranthus tricolor)
Bayam Merah is easy to grow in gardens, yards, and vacant land. This plant also has the potential as a diuretic. People use the leaves and roots as traditional medicine. This treatment is for the treatment of low blood pressure and also as a natural diuretic. Need further study to ensure the potential.
18. Parsley (Petroselinum crispum)
People often use parsley as a kitchen spice to flavor food. However, some people also serve it as a tea because of its benefits in reducing excess fluid in the body. Because Parsley is able to reduce the reabsorption of sodium and potassium salts in the kidneys. So that Parsley can increase in the volume of urine excreted from the body, thereby helping to reduce bloating.
19. Beet (Beta vulgaris)
Beets contain several minerals, especially sodium, phosphorus, calcium, and iron. As a natural diuretic, beets can help balance body fluids. But do not be surprised, if the color of urine is reddish. This is because of the betalain substances present in beetroot.
20. Horsetail (Equisetum sp)
Horsetail has long been popular as a traditional plant to stop bleeding, heal ulcers and wounds, and treat tuberculosis and kidney disease. However, horsetail also has benefits as a natural diuretic. Horsetail metabolites compounds posibbly increase urine production.
- Bevin A. Clare, et., al. 2009. The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day. Journal of Alternative and Complementary Medicine August 2009: 15(8) 929-934
- Koushik Nandan Dutta, Purbajit Chetia, Sunita Lahkar, Sumit Das. 2104. Herbal Plants Used as Diuretics: A comprehensive Review. Journal of Pharmaceutical, Chemical and Biological Sciences May 2014; 2(1):27-32
always love to learn from nature. Passionate on studying plants in some aspects: the DNA, Identification, propagation, and their uses